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Bielorrusia

Os ucraínos e os bielorrusos axudan a converter Varsovia nun centro de artes creativas

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Yulia Krivich forma parte dunha crecente comunidade de artistas de toda a antiga Unión Soviética que axudou a converter a capital polaca nun importante centro de talento creativo, especialmente despois de que Rusia lanzara a súa invasión a gran escala da súa Ucraína natal.

Krivich, who has lived in Poland for more than a decade, now organizes exhibitions, workshops and other events at Warsaw’s Museum of Modern Art with the aim of confronting what she sees as the collective trauma of Russian colonialism.

“We came here (to the museum) on the third day of the invasion and stayed. We like to call it the occupation of the Museum of Modern Art and the director is happy with the occupation,” Krivich, 34, joked.

“We came here to make banners for a protest at the Russian embassy and stayed,” she said.

Mesmo antes de que as tropas rusas chegasen a Ucraína o 24 de febreiro de 2022, Polonia acolleu a miles de migrantes do leste, incluíndo persoas que fuxiron dun levantamento apoiado por Moscova no leste de Ucraína e das turbulencias en Bielorrusia e os estados de Asia Central.

Poland, which borders Belarus and Ukraine, and was also once part of the Russian empire under the tsars and then of the Moscow-led Soviet bloc for decades – is a perfect place, in Krivich’s view, for artists to explore the theme of “decolonising Russia”.

“Many of my friends from Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine and Belarus feel at home here, also mentally, culturally and ideologically… We have a common past,” Krivich told Reuters.

propaganda

TEATRO

Varsovia tamén está a ser un territorio fértil para o drama.

In the courtyard of Warsaw’s New Theatre, Marina Dashuk awaits the performance of her mentee Palina Dabravolskaya, a 27-year old Belarusian director and actress completing a residency for Belarusian artists launched in 2021.

Dashuk, de 44 anos, traballa como produtora de teatro en Polonia desde 2013, pero só despois do esmagamento das protestas antigobernamentais en Bielorrusia en 2020 se centrou en traballar con outros artistas bielorrusos.

“When the revolution in Belarus began, artists started fleeing… Then (Russian-born playwright and director) Ivan Vyrypaev proposed making a theatre play with Belarusian actors and that is how our huge cooperation with the New Theatre began,” Dashuk said.

The play’s title 1.8m refers to the space available to individuals in overcrowded Belarusian prisons. Directed by Vyrypaev, the performance is based on political prisoners’ court speeches and letters.

O Teatro Novo non só deu a oportunidade de actuar aos actores refuxiados senón que tamén lles axudou con aloxamento e visado. Desde entón, outras institucións seguiron o exemplo.

“Poland is the only country where Belarusians can easily legalise their stay… All independent art initiatives that used to be in Minsk are now in Warsaw,” said Dashuk.

Vyrypaev, 49, whose plays have been staged in more than 250 theatres worldwide, has also launched a new project in Warsaw – Teal House, staffed by Ukrainian and Belarusian refugees, offers activities ranging from drama and music performances to yoga and trauma healing.

In May, a Moscow District Court arrested Vyrypaev in absentia for spreading “fake news” about the Russian army.

“These are incredibly tragic circumstances,” Vyrypaev said, referring to the war. “But Poland has a chance to become a real leader… of eastern Europe… It is a chance that should not be missed.”

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