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Os líderes de Ucraína e Polonia marcan conxuntamente as masacres da Segunda Guerra Mundial que tensaron os lazos

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Os presidentes ucraíno e polaco celebraron conxuntamente o domingo (9 de xullo) o aniversario dos masacres de polacos durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial cometidos polos nacionalistas ucraínos, asasinatos que provocaron tensión durante xeracións entre países que agora son estreitos aliados.

Warsaw has positioned itself as one of Kyiv’s staunchest supporters since Russia invaded the country in 2022.

Pero as masacres de Volhynia continuaron pendentes dos lazos entre as dúas nacións, especialmente antes do aniversario do 11 de xullo dun dos días máis sanguentos dunha serie de asasinatos que tiveron lugar entre 1943 e 1945.

Polonia di que preto de 100,000 polacos foron asasinados nas masacres de nacionalistas ucraínos. Miles de ucraínos tamén morreron en asasinatos de represalia.

Ukraine’s Volodymyr Zelenskyy and his Polish counterpart Andrzej Duda attended a church service together in the western Ukrainian city of Lutsk, in memory of the victims.

“Together we pay tribute to all the innocent victims of Volhynia! Memory unites us!,” Duda’s office and Zelenskiy both wrote on chilro. “Together we are stronger.”

The service was attended by the heads of the largest Orthodox and Catholic churches in Ukraine and the head of the Polish Bishop’s Conference, Archbishop Stanislaw Gadecki.

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The Ukrainian president’s chief of staff, Andriy Yermak, wrote on Telegram that Ukraine and Poland were “united against a common enemy who dreamed of dividing us”.

Duda called the service “a testimony of friendship in the face of a difficult history”.

Nunha publicación chilro, Zelenskyy said he had a “brief but very substantive” discussion at the event with Duda about the upcoming NATO summit in Vilnius, where Ukraine is hoping for decisions that will hasten its goal of membership in the alliance.

“We agreed to work together to get the best possible result for Ukraine,” Zelenskyy wrote.

The head of Duda’s office said the fact that the presidents were commemorating the victims together was “historic”, but that more work was needed.

“This is not the end of this difficult road, explaining to our Ukrainian friends about the historical truth, it will of course be continued,” Pawel Szrot told private broadcaster Polsat News.

O parlamento polaco dixo que os asasinatos, perpetrados entre 1943 e 1945 polo Exército Insurxente Ucraíno e a Organización de Nacionalistas Ucraínos baixo o liderado de Stepan Bandera, presentaban elementos de xenocidio.

Ucraína non aceptou esa afirmación e moitas veces refírese aos acontecementos de Volhynia como parte dun conflito entre Polonia e Ucraína que afectou a ambas as nacións.

Varsovia e Kiev tamén se enfrontaron pola cuestión de se os especialistas polacos poden buscar e exhumar os restos dos polacos falecidos en Ucraína.

A masacre provocou unha disputa pública inusualmente entre Polonia e Ucraína a principios deste ano, despois de que un portavoz do Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores polaco dixese que Zelenskiy debería pedir desculpas e pedir perdón polos acontecementos en Volinia.

However, Ukraine’s parliament speaker Ruslan Stefanchuk moved to defuse tensions in May when he told the Polish parliament that Kyiv understood Poland’s pain.

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