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Comisión Europea

Defendendo ás pemes europeas: a Comisión ofrece novos auxilios para aumentar a competitividade e a resiliencia das pemes

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The Commission is presenting a series of initiatives to address the needs of Europe’s small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the current economic environment. Representing 99% of Europe’s businesses, SMEs are essential drivers of Europe’s green and digital transitions, but continue to face unpredictability and volatility as a result of a number of crises in recent years.

The SME Relief Communication put forward today proposes new measures that will provide short-term relief, boost SMEs’ long-term competitiveness, and strengthen fairness in the business environment across the Single Market. As part of these measures, the Commission is today also publishing new proposals for a Regulation on late payments in commercial transactions and a Directive establishing a Head Office Tax System for SMEs. Additional initiatives aim at further boosting SMEs’ access to finance, improving the business environment and supporting SMEs’ growth into mid-caps to unleash their full economic potential.

En particular, o novo Regulamento de loita contra a morosidade nas transaccións comerciais aborda os atrasos de pago, unha práctica desleal que compromete o fluxo de caixa das pemes e dificulta a competitividade e a resistencia das cadeas de subministración. As novas normas derrogarán a Directiva de 2011 sobre morosidade e substituirán por un Regulamento. A proposta introduce un límite máximo de pagamento máis estrito de 30 días, elimina ambigüidades e soluciona as lagoas legais da actual Directiva. O texto proposto tamén garante o pago automático dos xuros devengados e as taxas de compensación e introduce novas medidas de execución e reparación para protexer as empresas contra os mal pagadores.

o Réxime Fiscal da Sede das Pemes dará ás pemes que operan transfronteirizos a través de establecementos permanentes a posibilidade de interactuar cunha única administración tributaria -a da Sede Central- en lugar de ter que cumprir con múltiples sistemas fiscais. Esta proposta aumentará a certeza e equidade fiscal, reducirá os custos de cumprimento e as distorsións no mercado que inflúen nas decisións empresariais, ao tempo que minimizará o risco de dobre imposición e de sobreimposición e disputas fiscais. A diminución prevista dos custos de cumprimento debería, en particular, fomentar o investimento e a expansión transfronteiriza na UE. As pemes que operan en diferentes Estados membros poderán maximizar plenamente a liberdade de establecemento e a libre circulación de capitais sen verse obstaculizadas por obstáculos fiscais innecesarios.

In addition, the Commission’s SME Relief Communication proposes several non-legislative measures to support SMEs and ensure their full economic potential is harnessed:

  • Mellorar o actual entorno normativo para as pemes by building on the successful first full year of application of the ‘one in one out principle’ (€7,3 billion net cost savings), improving the application of the SME Test and consistently considering SME needs across future EU legislation, for example through longer transition periods for SMEs. The Commission will appoint an EU SME Envoy to provide guidance and advice to the Commission on SME issues, and advocate SME interests externally. The EU SME Envoy will report directly to the President (while also reporting to the Internal Market Commissioner on SME-related activities supported by his services), and will participate in Regulatory Scrutiny Board hearings with Directorates-General on initiatives that have a high potential impact on SMEs. The Commission will also promote the use of regulatory sandboxes to foster SMEs’ experimentation and innovation.
  • Simplificar os procedementos administrativos e os requisitos de información para as pemes mediante a posta en marcha do Sistema técnico único (parte da Pasarela Dixital Única) a finais de 2023, que permitirá ás pemes completar trámites administrativos en todo o mercado único sen necesidade de volver presentar documentos. A Comisión simplificará e dixitalizará trámites engorrosos, como declaracións e certificados de desprazamento de traballadores (como o denominado documento A1 sobre dereitos de seguridade social). Ademais, a Comisión aproveitará os primeiros pasos dados antes do verán cara á redución do 25 % das obrigas de presentación de informes anunciada en marzo de 2023, con novas propostas nas próximas semanas, así como medidas para mapear de forma sistemática tales cargas e desenvolver plans de racionalización específicos. para os próximos anos.
  • Impulsar os investimentos dispoñibles para as pemes, on top of more than €200 billion available to SMEs under the EU’s various funding programmes running until 2027. Build on the success of the SME window of InvestEU by encouraging Member State transfers to national compartments in that window and ensuring that part of the proposed €7.5 billion EU guarantee under a new dedicated Strategic Technologies for Europe Platform (STEP) window of InvestEU is also available for SMEs. A simple and standardised methodology will support SMEs in reporting on sustainability topics, thereby facilitating access to sustainable finance.
  • Posibilitar unha forza de traballo cualificada para que as pemes prosperen continuando apoiando as accións formativas ofrecidas polas grandes asociacións de competencias no marco do Pacto Europeo para as Competencias e outras iniciativas de apoio para facer coincidir as competencias coas necesidades das pemes do mercado laboral europeo.
  • Support SMEs’ growth revisando, a finais de 2023, os limiares actuais de definición de pemes e desenvolvendo unha definición harmonizada e adaptando potencialmente certas obrigas para que as pequenas empresas de mediana capitalización desenvolvan todo o seu potencial económico.

Fondo

Europe’s 24 million small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent 99% of all businesses and two thirds of private sector jobs in the EU. They are central to Europe’s economic and social fabric, drive Europe’s green and digital transitions and support our long-term prosperity.

SMEs have been disproportionately affected by the sequence of crises over the past years: from COVID, Russia’s war against Ukraine, the energy crisis and the rise in inflation. SMEs still face volatility and unpredictability, as well as supply constraints, labour shortages and, often, unfair competition and an unequal level playing field when doing business in Europe. Payment delays in commercial transactions prevent investments and growth and contribute to uncertainty and mistrust in the business environment. The recent SME performance report shows that SME value added for 2023 is still forecast to remain at 3.6% (against 1.8% for large enterprises) below its 2019 level, while SME employment has barely recovered to pre-crisis levels.

propaganda

To unleash the power of the EU’s SMEs in the Single Market and beyond, the Commission put forward a comprehensive set of actions under its Estratexia 2020 das pemes para unha Europa sostible e dixital. A maioría destas accións xa están rematadas ou están en curso. Ademais, as pemes desempeñan un papel crucial na co-creación e implementación de vías de transición, que teñen como obxectivo apoiar a transición verde e dixital nos ecosistemas industriais. As disposicións favorables ás pemes forman parte de todas as iniciativas lexislativas clave da UE, mentres que a Enterprise Europe Network, a Plataforma de colaboración de clusters e outros socios están a implementar medidas de apoio ás pemes.

In terms of funding, the Commission expects to make more than €200 billion available to SMEs under its various funding programmes running until 2027. This includes substantial amounts under the EU’s Cohesion Funds (€65bn) and the Recovery and Resilience Facility (€45.2bn) dedicated to direct and indirect measures in support of SMEs, helping them become more resilient, sustainable and digital.

Máis información

Preguntas e respostas sobre o paquete de axuda ás pemes

Folla informativa sobre o paquete de axuda ás pemes

Preguntas e respostas sobre a regulación de morosidade

Ficha técnica sobre a regulación de morosidade

Preguntas e Respostas sobre o Réxime Fiscal da Sede das Pemes

Ficha técnica do Réxime Fiscal da Sede das Pemes

Comunicación sobre medidas de axuda ás pemes

Regulamento de morosidade nas operacións comerciais

Directiva de simplificación fiscal para as pemes

Informe de implantación do regulamento Plataforma a empresa

Informe de implantación do regulamento de Pasarela Dixital Única

Life has been tough for small companies over the past years, with the pandemic and Russia’s war against Ukraine. We need to step up our support for SMEs. We want to make things easier for them, bring more oxygen to help them survive and thrive. Today we come with rules to ensure small businesses are paid in due time, to cut paperwork and to simplify taxes. Access to talent and finance will also help those companies to get more digital and greener.Vice-President Věra Jourová – 11/09/2023

Because SMEs operating cross-border have to pay tax in all Member States where they have permanent establishments, they must follow multiple different sets of rules. The cost of complying with these rules amounts to 2.5% of their turnover – money they cannot spend on investing or hiring new staff. So today we are proposing to enable SMEs with permanent establishments in other Member States to interact with just one tax administration – that of their Head Office. The resulting savings and simplification will encourage more SMEs to expand across national borders, creating more jobs for Europeans.Paolo Gentiloni, Commissioner for Economy – 11/09/2023

With its SME instruments and more than 200 billion euro of EU funding dedicated to SMEs until 2027, the Commission has been supporting small business across all industrial ecosystems, from tourism to aerospace. Today we present a comprehensive set of measures to support SMEs. We are simplifying taxation rules, reducing regulatory burden and boosting skills. Our ambitious revision of the late payment rules will create a fairer business environment for SMEs across the entire Single Market. This will make small businesses more resilient and help them weather challenging times.Thierry Breton, Commissioner for Internal Market – 11/09/2023

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