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Rusia di que frustrou un gran ataque en Ucraína pero perdeu algo de terreo

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Moscova dixo o luns (5 de xuño) que tiña frustrado a major offensive against its forces in eastern Ukraine, although it was unclear whether the attack formed the beginning of Ukraine’s long-anticipated counteroffensive.

O presidente ucraíno, Volodymyr Zelenskiy, mostrouse enigmático no seu vídeo nocturno “the news we have been waiting for” en Bakhmut, no leste. Pero non se referiu directamente a unha contraofensiva, que dixo estar preparado para lanzar nunha entrevista do Wall Street Journal publicada o sábado.

Os funcionarios ucraínos non mencionaron ningunha campaña nova ampla e significativa nin eludiron preguntas sobre o asunto.

O Washington Post informou de que algúns funcionarios estadounidenses pensaban que a contraofensiva estaba en marcha, pero o portavoz de seguridade nacional da Casa Branca, John Kirby, rexeitou dicir se pensaba que este era o caso.

“I’m not going to be talking for the Ukrainian military. That’s for them to speak to,” he told a regular briefing, although he stressed the work the United States had done to ensure the Ukrainians were ready.

“So whether it’s starting now, or starting soon, or whenever they decide to step up and whatever they decide to do, the president is confident that we did everything we could over the last six, eight months or more to make sure that they had all the equipment, the training, the capabilities to be successful.”

ALTAS APOSTAS

O éxito ou o fracaso dunha contraofensiva, que se espera que se leve a cabo con miles de millóns de dólares en armamento occidental avanzado, é probable que inflúa na forma do futuro apoio diplomático e militar occidental a Ucraína.

Russia’s defence ministry said Ukraine had attacked on Sunday (4 June) morning with six mechanized and two tank battalions in southern Donetsk, where Moscow has long suspected Ukraine would seek to drive a wedge through Russian-controlled territory.

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“On the morning of June 4, the enemy launched a large-scale offensive in five sectors of the front in the South Donetsk direction,” the defence ministry said in a statement.

“The enemy’s goal was to break through our defences in the most vulnerable, in its opinion, sector of the front,” it said. “The enemy did not achieve its tasks, it had no success.”

Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores ucraíno Dmytro Kuleba dixo o luns que Ucraína tiña agora armas suficientes para unha contraofensiva, pero non quixo facer comentarios cando se lle preguntou se comezara.

In its evening report, Ukraine’s General Staff made no mention of any large-scale offensive operation, nor did it suggest any deviation from the usual tempo or scope of fighting along front lines that have not changed significantly for months.

A viceministra de Defensa, Hanna Maliar, dixo Telegrama Ukraine was “shifting to offensive actions” along parts of the front but dismissed suggestions this was part of a major operation.

Maliar dixo máis tarde na televisión estatal que as forzas ucraínas realizaran avances de entre 200 e 1,600 metros ao redor de dúas aldeas ao norte da cidade oriental de Bakhmut e de 660 a 100 metros ao oeste e ao sur.

Os mercenarios rusos do grupo Wagner capturaron a Bakhmut o mes pasado despois da batalla máis longa da guerra e entregaron alí as súas posicións ás tropas rusas regulares, pero desde entón Kiev está a atacar áreas controladas por Rusia ao norte e ao sur da cidade.

“The main focus now is on the Bakhmut sector,” said Maliar. “And as of now, this has resulted in certain successes including advances. We have taken control of certain heights.”

Un vídeo das forzas armadas mostraba as posicións rusas baixo o lume e o líder da milicia Wagner Yevgeny Prigozhin said Ukrainian forces had retaken part of the settlement of Berkhivka, northwest of Bakhmut, calling it a “disgrace”.

‘TOUGH FIGHT GOING ON’

Russia’s defence ministry released video of what it said were Ukrainian armoured vehicles in a field blowing up after being hit.

Reuters puido confirmar a localización de dous clips preto de Velyka Novosilka, unha aldea ao oeste de Vuhledar, na parte sur da provincia de Donetsk, polo trazado da estrada, o terreo, as árbores e outras follas que coincidían coas imaxes de satélite. Reuters non puido verificar de forma independente os outros clips nin a data en que foron filmados nin outros informes do campo de batalla.

“There is a tough fight going on,” wrote prominent Russian military blogger Semyon Pegov, who uses the name War Gonzo, saying Ukrainian forces were attacking in the area.

Russia’s defence ministry said Russian forces killed 250 Ukrainian soldiers and destroyed 16 tanks, three infantry fighting vehicles and 21 armoured combat vehicles.

Rusia controla agora polo menos o 18% do territorio ucraíno recoñecido internacionalmente e reclamou catro rexións máis de Ucraína como territorio ruso despois de anexionarse Crimea en 2014.

Putin sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 last year in what the Kremlin expected to be a swift operation, but its forces suffered a series of defeats and had to move back and regroup in swathes of the country’s east.

For months, tens of thousands of Russian troops have been digging in along a front line that stretches for around 600 miles (1,000 km), bracing for a Ukrainian attack expected to try to cut Russia’s so-called land bridge to the Crimean Peninsula.

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