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Bélxica lidera os esforzos para traer fin ao Nagorno-Karabakh

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PHOTONEWS_10351449-009Belgium is spearheading fresh efforts to find a solution to the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, one of Europe’s so-called frozen conflicts.

O ministro de Asuntos Exteriores, Didier Reynders (retratado) dixo que o país do Benelux traballaría pola normalización das relacións entre Armenia e Acerbaixán. Reynders, presidente do Comité de Ministros do Consello de Europa, acaba de regresar de liderar unha delegación de empresarios de 60 países aos dous países.

Manifestou a súa preocupación pola recente violencia en Nagorno-Karabakh e tamén está impresionado pola situación das persoas desprazadas en Acerbaixán. A ocupación por parte de Armenia do territorio azerbaiyano e as tensións entre os dous veciños crearon un millón de refuxiados e desprazados internos.

Reynders, viceprimer ministro en Bélxica, dixo: "Esta foi a miña primeira visita e sei que hai aproximadamente un millón de persoas que viñeron de Armenia e Nagorno-Karabakh. Creo que é importante reunirse con refuxiados e desprazados durante a visita ao país. É bo entender a envergadura deste problema. Porque cando aceptamos refuxiados en Europa, temos grandes debates. Se tes un millón de desprazados, entendo que se trata dunha situación completamente diferente.

"Unímonos á posición de solución do conflito de Nagorno-Karabakh dentro da integridade territorial do país", engadiu Reynders. "Discutimos a situación co país veciño, Armenia, e a ocupación de Nagorno-Karabakh, porque nos preocupan os incidentes na primeira liña. Estaremos encantados de ver certos avances nas negociacións cos dous países veciños. Por suposto, a solución do conflito por medios militares é inaceptable, o problema debería resolverse no marco do Grupo de Minsk da OSCE ".

The Minsk Group, part of the OSCE’s efforts to find a peaceful solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, is co-chaired by France, the Russian Federation, and the United States. After meeting Reynders, Azerbaijan’s Foreign Policy Head Elmar Mammadyarov said the country continues facing a policy of “double standards” of the European countries.  Reynders’ visit has re-focused international attention on the conflict. The issue is given added topicality as the EU is planning to adopt a resolution on territorial integrity of several former Soviet Republics in the Eastern Partnership Summit in Riga on 28 May.

The bloody war, which flared up in the late 1980s due to Armenia’s territorial claims against its South Caucasus neighbor, left 700,000 civilians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the regions adjoining it, as well as the regions bordering with Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh without homes. Moreover, 250,000 Azerbaijanis were expelled from Armenia and became refugees due to Armenia’s ethnic cleansing policy after the emergence of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan. Nagorno-Karabakh is one of the so-called frozen conflicts in the post-Soviet space. It is a landlocked region in the Southern Caucasus, de jure on the territory of Azerbaijan, but de facto governed by the Armenian-backed separatist regime not recognised by any single country around the world.

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The invasion of the territory by Armenia began in 1988 with minor conflicts, but evolved into a full-scale war in 1992. Since the end of the war in 1994, Armenian and Azeri delegations have held talks about the status of Nagorno-Karabakh under the supervision of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s Minsk Group. Armenia is part of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, which is a military alliance of six former Soviet nations, including Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Russia. Some 20 percent territories of Azerbaijan have long been under occupation and steps taken so far have not yielded any result.

Last month, European Union Special Representative for the South Caucasus Herbert Salber said the status quo in the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is “not acceptable” and that the conflict could not be considered frozen. Meanwhile, Peter Tase, an expert on international relations at Marquette University in the U.S, has accused the EU of “turning a blind eye” towards the pro-European aspirations of Azerbaijan.

"A UE tamén está a favorecer Ereván a pesar de que Armenia é un satélite de confianza de Rusia. Este último está a sufrir fortes sancións económicas dos países occidentais e da UE ". "Armenia, membro da Unión Económica Euroasiática (EAU), ten unha economía empañada e subdesenvolvida", dixo. "Ten unha política exterior tendenciosa que está estreitamente coordinada con Moscova. Leva a cabo campañas consistentes para manipular a historia do Cáucaso Meridional. Tamén está causando danos irreparables á imaxe de Acerbaixán no mundo ".

Tase added that on the other hand, Baku’s foreign policy and attitude in international affairs is as mature and sophisticated as any other country of Western Europe. “Azerbaijan’s promotion of peaceful solution of the current obstacles that hinder national territorial integrity of the country is one of the essential values of Western moral thought and traditions,” he said. A centre-right German MEP told this website: “Azerbaijan is a country that is part of the Muslim world. At the same time, it is an exemplary country of the Western world, which can become a model. But it is not so easy in the geopolitical area in which Azerbaijan is located. Azerbaijan’s leadership is doing its best to achieve this.

“Every day and every moment we see the attempts to exert pressure on Azerbaijan. The press and NGOs also join this process. The funds are also allocated for this. Why is it so? Today, Azerbaijan has been demonstrating a model of stability, security and development.”

A situación actual en Ucraína na actualidade e a do conflito de Nagorno-Karabakh foi resaltada nunha recente publicación en The Washington Times de Maayan Jaffe, ex redactor xefe do Baltimore Jewish Times. She writes: “Despite attempts at dialogue and cease-fires, Russia continues to systematically eat away at Ukraine. America, therefore, continues to threaten further sanctions and consequences against Russia. America has pressed its European allies to stand up to Russian President Vladimir Putin — and that’s good and right.

“But why is America not doing the same for its ally in the Caucasus region, for Azerbaijan? Where is the consistency necessary for a sustainable and successful U.S. foreign policy? For more than 20 years, Armenia has waged an ongoing, illegal occupation and ethnic cleansing in Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other adjacent regions of Azerbaijan — in violation of its sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

Nagorno-Karabakh e estes outros distritos pertenceron históricamente a Acerbaixán e foron recoñecidos como pertencentes a Azerbaiyán pola comunidade internacional. Con todo, permanecen baixo ocupación armenia durante máis de dúas décadas, desde 1992 a pesar de que as resolucións do Parlamento Europeo, a ONU, o Consello de Europa e a OSCE pedían a retirada inmediata das tropas armenias dos territorios ocupados de Azerbaiyán.

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