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NSS 2014: a aposta nuclear de Ucraína

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73776863_lavrov-deshchytsyaPor Anna van Densky, Haia

The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) in The Hague, 24-25 March, devoted to the worldwide safety of nuclear materials, was totally overshadowed by future relations between the West and Russia. The long-awaited meeting between Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and his newly appointed Ukrainian counterpart Andrii Deshchytsia taking place on the margins of the conference did not bring crisis relief. The pictures taken showed two men remote from each other and gloomy – no handshakes, no family photos, not the slightest hope of breaking the ice.

The general mood of depression was amplified by the absence of translators for Lavrov’s press conference – the Dutch hosts engaged in unprecedented security measures surrounding President Obama, and did not provide for translation from Russian: although shown on giant screens, the minister was understood by Russian speakers only.

Apparently, the failure to provide translation was a systemic error at the NSS, as it did not occur to the hosts to translate the key address by incumbent South Korean President Park Geun-hye – the international press corps at the conference hall and all those following the online streaming were equally deprived of translation. Moreover, the organizers did not inform their guests that they weren’t providing translations, otherwise both the South Korean and Russian could have addressed the world’s audiences in fluent English.

Como resultado, os intensos debates entre as delegacións rusa e ucraína non chegaron á comunidade mundial. Non obstante, a raíz da conferencia, apareceron documentos en diferentes sitios oficiais para confirmar a profunda brecha entre as posicións en Crimea. Os rusos insistiron en que había un golpe de Estado En Kiev, liberándoos da obrigación de respectar o memorando de Budapest; Insistiron neste como o motivo final para a división do Estado ucraíno. No marco da conferencia, o ministro Lavrov confirmou o cumprimento da obrigación cara á Ucraína na entrega de combustible nuclear e eliminación de residuos.

A posición dos novos líderes ucraínos sobre a política nuclear segue confusa: na véspera da conferencia do NSS, varios políticos da coalición gobernante de 'Batkivshina' e 'Udar' presentaron unha iniciativa para abandonar o Tratado de non proliferación asinado despois o colapso da URSS.

Este movemento foi recibido con maior preocupación pola outra República ex-soviética, Casaquistán, que abandonou o cuarto arsenal nuclear do mundo e desde entón fixo todo o posible por promover os ideais de desarme nuclear.

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The Ukraine’s interest in quitting the Non-proliferation Treaty did not evoke any reaction by the West, which is overwhelmed in wrestling with Russia over Ukraine. Sadly, these declarations match the previous calls by Maidan Square leaders to start blowing up Russian gas pipelines. The hectic and volatile policies of Ukraine’s new leaders are stuck in a stalemate with Russia, the West in foreign policy and their domestic opponents – Ukraine’s ways and means are becoming increasingly adventurous, threatening to become a huge area of instability for years to come.

The tragedy of Chernobyl happened because of technical negligence – errors of political negligence are potentially no less dramatic.

 

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